A local residential painting contractor can make over $250,000.00 a year in net profit if they serve a typical metro area of two million residents or more.
If you’re wondering what’s the average painting business owner salary or self-employed painter salary, then you’re probably considering becoming a painting contractor.
Before doing so, you need to understand why starting your own company is a good idea to make sure it aligns with your goals. Here are a few of the best reasons to start your own painting company:
- Market Size – Whether you choose to work in residential or prefer bidding commercial painting jobs, there’s a large market of opportunity. Think about how many new homes are being built each year. And at the same time, existing homes need to be repainted every so often. Along with residential properties, there are also commercial contracts for offices, retail shops, apartment painting contracts, industrial facilities, and more. When it comes to painting, the opportunities are endless and everyone is going to continue to need your services at some point.
- Competition – Getting into an extremely competitive market can make it difficult for you to see a big return on your investment early on. Luckily the painting trade is a great market to get into because while it’s an easy business to start and there are lots of painting companies in the US, there aren’t many painting companies who are doing a truly great job in terms of customer satisfaction and efficiency.
- Low Startup Costs – Starting a business can be costly — and the last thing you want is for the startup costs to cut into your profits. One of the biggest benefits of starting a painting company is that you can get it off the ground without dropping a ton of money on equipment and materials. You can get buy with limited materials early on and gradually add more to your inventory as you take on more jobs. The cost of starting a painting business is low.
- Profit Margins – As a potential business owner or self-employed painter, you’re looking for an opportunity that will help you bring in the most revenue. So, do painters make good money? Yes, a painting company’s profit margins are usually high. Whether you choose to work in the residential or commercial market, you’ll find yourself with high-profit margins that help to cushion your company’s bottom line. If you’re wondering “do painters make good money?”, keep in mind that certain types of jobs will be more profitable than others. While starting out, take a variety of job types so you can get a better understanding of varying profit margins.
Now that you understand how profitable a painting company can be, let’s dive into how much you can make by owning your own business to calculate the average painting business owner’s salary.
In this article, we’re only going to be talking about residential painting contractors. Commercial painting contractors can make a lot more because they often have service areas that expand to multiple states. And the costs for commercial painting are a lot higher.
They also often hire painting subcontractors to take on more work than they could with employees. Speaking of subcontractors or employees, none of this will apply to a one man painting company because it requires painting multiple houses at the same time.
Steps to finding out how much does a painting contractor make a year:
- Step 1. What’s the sales price of the average paint job?
- Step 2. What are the expenses involved in acquiring and fulfilling the average paint job?
- Step 3. Subtract those costs from the sales price to find out the average profit per job.
- Step 4. Find out how many jobs a painting contractor can get per year in a typical metro area.
- Step 5. Multiply the number of jobs per year by the profit per year.
1) What’s the Sales Price of The Average Paint Job?
One of the most important factors to consider is what you’re going to charge customers for various sized paint jobs. With painting, there isn’t typically a one size fits all approach.
While some smaller jobs might bring in $1,000 or less because they can be completed in a day or two, larger painting projects like a home’s exterior and interior can cost upwards of $20,000. Determine what your prices will be and over time, calculate your average price of a paint job that factors in both the large and small-scale jobs.
You might bid some paint jobs for as low as $1000-$2000. These can be 1-day jobs such as exterior shutter painting or painting the walls of 1 small room. You might also do some jobs as high as $20,000 on larger homes.
These bigger jobs often include both interior and exterior painting or specialty services such as cabinet painting or popcorn ceiling removal. But what’s the average? For many contractors, the average price of a paint job is about $2800. That’s usually not enough for a full paint job, but remember this average takes into account all of the small jobs.
Offering more value to your customers can let you charge higher prices. One way to do this is by offering a painting warranty. If you don’t have one in place yet, start with painting warranty templates and customize them to fit your business. Showing great Google reviews for your painting business also helps you justify your higher price.
2) What Are The Expenses For a Painting Contractor to Acquire & Fulfil a Job?
The second step to answering “how much can a painting business make?” is to calculate your expenses. While each job will bring cash into the business, there are certain expenses that you will have to consider. From labor to material costs to staffing, there’s quite a bit that can dip into your profits. Here are some of the most important expenses to consider as you get your painting company off the ground:
Most painting contractors I talk to claim between 40% to 50% as their labor costs as a percentage of revenue. That means that in a $5000 job, about $2000 to $2500 will be the amount needed to pay the employees doing the actual painting, including employment overhead costs such as payroll taxes. Sometimes they are employees, sometimes they are 1099 independent contractors working for the painting contractor as a “subcontractor” (Related Article: Painting Subcontractor Agreement).
Materials such as paint and tape make up about 10-20% of most jobs. The percentage doesn’t really change much if low-quality paint or high-quality paint is used since companies that use cheap paint usually have to charge lower prices, and the companies that use expensive paint usually invoice for more.
A project manager at a painting company usually earns about the average salary and can manage about 5 average-sized jobs per week. They will usually visit 3 job sites per day. If a project manager costs $5000 per month (salary plus vehicle & travel expenses) and we divide that by 20 jobs managed per month, we get a project management cost of $250 per job.
That’s about 9% in project management costs if the average job has a sales price of $2800.
Up until 2020, very few companies did virtual estimates. Now, virtual painting estimates, are common. A virtual painting estimate means that your office staff does them, without visiting the customer’s homes.
But most companies still hire estimators. Estimators are employees that visit the customer’s house in order to gather the information needed to quote the job, as well as to be a salesperson and try to persuade the customer to hire them.
An estimator will typically visit 5 houses per day on average. They usually earn a base salary plus commission. When taking into account their vehicle and travel expenses we might end up with a total cost of $6000 per month.
They can typically close about 35% of their quotes which will result in about 35 jobs per month if they quote 100 jobs a month. 35 jobs at $2800 is $98,000 in sales per month. This means that their $6000 cost is about 6% of revenue.
Now you might be wondering, why would a painting company hire estimators when they could have their office staff provide virtual estimates? Because there’s a trade-off, virtual estimates have a much lower closing rate.
Most painting companies only need one office person unless they’re in the top 1% revenue-wise. A single office person can easily handle the administrative work required for more than two million in yearly revenue.
An office person will typically earn slightly below the average salary. But the more jobs the company does, the higher their salary needs to be to compensate them for the added workload. Their duties include the following:
- Answering phone calls from prospects and setting them up with appointments with the estimators.
- Scheduling jobs and assigning crew leaders and project managers to jobs.
- Payroll and sometimes invoicing (at some companies, the project managers invoice the customers).
- Preparing reports.
- Sometimes light marketing work such as posting on social media.
If a painting company does less than 2 million in yearly revenue, a part-time office person is usually enough. Expect total office staff costs to be about 3% of revenue.
This is the category that tends to vary the most, between 3% to as high as 20%.
It varies for a few reasons:
- The bigger a company gets, the more marketing channels they need to employ as they exhaust existing channels. For example, there is only a limited amount of leads a company can get through Google Ads. So after Google Ads is unable to produce any more leads, they will need to run another marketing channel. Since they will choose to market on the channels that produce the best ROI at first, that means that over time, as they grow and need more channels, they have to move on to lower ROI channels. And thus the total marketing cost as a percentage of revenue will grow as the company grows into more marketing channels. When starting out, a painting company might be relying on free painting leads, but as they need to win more jobs to employ more workers, the leads get more expensive.
- But if a company has been around for a long time and has a system in place for getting referrals (such as incentives) and repeat work (such as email marketing) this will help lower their marketing costs since referrals and repeats are the least expensive marketing channels.
- Some companies are just better at marketing. Marketing can get pretty nuanced with small changes in a marketing campaign having big effects over time.
- Companies with great salespeople (estimators) need less leads to get the same number of painting contracts as a company with less experienced salespeople. So they will need to spend more on marketing.
- Some companies are not able to hire fast enough to make use of the extra leads from more marketing.
To give an example of the variance, when my painting company started out, we spent about 18% on marketing in the first year. Most of this was on our SEO (Search Engine Optimization) and website design.
This is because we didn’t need to make a profit, we just put all leftover money back into marketing. Every year that percentage dropped until it got to a point where we only spent about 1% on marketing, just enough to keep the bare essentials such as our website, business cards, branded T-shirts, etc.
About 1-3% will cover other overhead such as software, financial service fees, office rent, insurance, and legal/compliance fees such as state registrations & renewals. Some companies don’t charge their customers for paying with a credit card so those fees become another cost (pro tip: charge your customers a convenience fee for paying by card on your painting invoice, it will not decrease your closing rate by anywhere near as much as it’s costing you to pay those fees out of pocket).
For most companies (probably more than 99% if I had to guess) this just means the owner’s salary. Most managers/owners work full time (40 or more hours). The manager’s responsibilities include the following:
- Delegating or dealing with unexpected things such as lawsuits, insurance claims, large contracts, violations, etc.
- Delegating or managing the marketing channels.
- Delegating or managing hiring and HR.
- Building new systems and auditing existing systems.
- Setting company goals.
- Make resource allocation decisions based on reports from the office staff, accountants, and marketers.
Companies in “growth mode” typically require motivated CEOs that work more than 40 hours per week. More established companies with efficient systems in place usually need a lot less managing.
3) Subtract Expenses From Revenue
Let’s tally up the expenses we just went over. But remember these vary a lot, so some companies will have very different numbers here:
- Labor: 45%
- Materials: 15%
- Project Manager: 9%
- Estimator: 6%
- Office Staff: 3%
- Marketing: 9%
That gives us a total of 87% without counting the manager’s salary. Or to say it in reverse that gives us a total profit of 13% without paying the manager.
For most painting companies, the manager is taking on some or all of the duties of one of the employee roles, such as doing all of the project management or all of the estimating. That means they get to earn their salary there and keep the 13% from this example as pure profit.
Take all the expenses associated with your painting company and tally them up. These numbers are going to vary from company to company, and might even change within your existing business as you scale and grow.
By adding up the various expenses, you will be able to determine what your average profit margins are. For instance, in the beginning, you might be handling everything on your own before expanding your team.
4) How Many Jobs Can a Painting Contractor Do?
With the right marketing channels in place, your painting company will be bringing in leads left and right. Make sure you are tracking your leads and sales so you can calculate your average conversion rate.
Knowing this number will help you forecast your profits for the month based on the number of leads that have come in.
I’ll provide insight based on my painting company which serves a metro area of about two million people.
These are the average amount of leads we get per month from the following marketing channels (when we run them):
- SEO & Map Pack: 65 leads per month
- Google Ads: 21 leads per month
- Facebook Ads: 12 leads per month
- Facebook Groups: 4 leads per month
- Nextdoor: 3 leads per month
- Craigslist: 5 leads per month
- Instagram: 2 leads per month
- Homeadvisor: 30 leads per month
- Thumbtack: 12 leads per month
- Yelp: 5 leads per month
- Porch: 3 leads per month
- Lawn Signs & Car Signs: 1 lead per month
- Direct Mail: 4 leads per month
- Referral & Repeat: 7 leads per month
- Billboard: 1 lead per month
- Realtors: 3 leads per month
- Other Contractors: 6 leads per month
That’s about 184 leads per month. We never actually get that many leads in a single month and that’s because we never run all advertising channels at one time. In fact, today we don’t run any of them anymore except for SEO & Map Pack.
And of course referrals and repeat which is the only marketing channel that runs itself.
But the point is that a painting contractor could run all of those channels. None of them are difficult to run. And there are a lot more (magazines, trade shows, paint stores, networking events, etc.) that we never tried.
If a painting contractor runs all of those marketing channels resulting in 184 leads per month and is able to have the estimators close 35% of them, then they’ll do about 64 jobs a month.
5) So How Much Can a Painting Contractor Make a Year?
Now we can take an average job sales price of $2800 and multiply it by 64 jobs per month to get a total monthly revenue of $179,200.00 which is $2,150,400.00 per year.
I only know a few residential painting contractors that make much more than two million in revenue per year.
But there’s another way to get there. Many painters actually have a much higher average sales price than $2800. But they do fewer jobs per year. So as you can see, there are many ways of getting to two million. No two contractors’ P/L sheet will look the same even if the total revenue and profit is the same.
Now we can take that 2.15 million in yearly revenue and multiply it by the 13% net profit I suggested in step 3 and we end up with $279,552 net profit per year.
That’s if you stay local. Now expand your operations across the country and you have a real cash cow on your hands.
And that’s before you even get into the real money maker: getting commercial painting leads.